Tuleva World Stocks Pension Fund

Share of shares 100%
Suitable for you if
  • you are younger than 55 years
  • you would like to earn best expected return over long term and you are not disturbed by short-term fluctuations of the market


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Fund details
Date of inception
27 March 2017
Fund volume
Change in value
Management fee
Total expense ratio
Redemption fee and issue fee
Fund manager's participation rate in fund
5 747 351 units
Risk profile
Comparison index
Sustainability information
CO2 intensity
82.16 tons / $1M turnover per year
Share of investments with increased negative impact in the equity portfolio
Controversial Weapons (0.00%); Nuclear Weapons (0.00%); Civilian Firearms (0.00%); Tobacco (0.00%); UN Global Compact Violators (0.00%); Thermal Coal (0.00%); Oil Sands (0.00%)
Tõnu Pekk <br>fondijuht

Tõnu Pekk

fund manager

I follow the principle of Jack Bogle, the founder of Vanguard index funds: keep the investment in a low-cost fund and “don’t peek” – keep the end goal in sight and don’t spend time or money worrying about small fluctuations. I waited for a long time for someone to set up this kind of fund in Estonia. We finally had to take matters into our own hands.

Tõnu has been working in the investment field for over 20 years. Before founding Tuleva, he headed an investment company he part-owned, Karu Capital. Before that, Tõnu ran Eastern European financial sector development projects at the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development and worked as head of investment banking at Hansabank. He holds a master’s degree from London Business School-and a bachelor’s degree from the University of Tartu.

Frequently asked questions

How do Tuleva pension funds differ from other Estonian II pillar pension funds?
  1. Tuleva pension fund manager belongs to people who are themselves investors of the pension fund. This means that the owners are always motivated to keep the costs low. This leaves us, the pension fund investors, more money for our pension. Old school fund managers aim to take as high as possible management fees because their owners – banks – want to maximize their profits.
  2. Tuleva introduced low-cost index funds to the Estonian pension market. Most of the pension money in the world goes to such index funds today because historical evidence shows – the lower the costs of the fund, the better the long-term returns.

What is Tuleva pension funds’ investment strategy?

We in Tuleva believe in passive investing. This means you just spread your money among the largest companies’ shares and government bonds so that risks are well diversified. Then you just need patience in order to keep on the same track and to not let bank tellers scare you or salesmen to deceive you. The funds that invest passively are called index funds.

This used to be a radical idea that became lifetime work for many independently-thinking finance experts:  for example Burton Malkiel, Jack Bogle and Nobel prize winner William Sharpe. Today, academic research and statistics have proven that this strategy works. That is why most people today choose a passive investment strategy.

  1. Tuleva pension funds focus on long-term returns and do not worry about short-term fluctuations. Hedging short-term risks would be costly and would reduce our chances of getting the best return for our money.
  2. Tuleva does not make forecasts or attempt to outperform the market but invests based on facts. The pension fund money is spread among the world’s largest and most successful companies` shares because this has proven to give the best results for most investors in the world.
  3. Tuleva keeps costs very low and spends money only on activities that add value to pension fund investors. The higher the costs, the less money will accrue for our pensions. Tuleva does not spend money on expensive advertising, hedging short-term risks or on an army of salesmen.

Is my money in Tuleva pension funds as protected as in a bank’s pension fund?

Yes. Your money is protected in addition to Tuleva’s own internal rules and procedures by these three pillars:

Financial Inspection has issued Tuleva fund manager a license and is overseeing that our activities comply with its rules.

Swedbank is the depositary bank of Tuleva pension funds. Depositary bank confirms every transaction made with the fund`s assets. Exactly the same way as with the bank`s own funds.

State guarantee fund protects all pension fund investors against the worst, in case the fund manager’s fault has caused damage to the fund.

What should I consider when choosing a fund?

In case you have more than 10 years to pension age, then we recommend to follow these two principles when saving for pension:

  1. Your pension savings should be invested in the asset class with a maximum expected return. For our pension savers that asset class is shares in companies. So you should keep your money in a pension fund with maximum proportion in shares i.e. aggressive strategy funds.
  2. Among those funds that satisfy point 1, choose the lowest cost funds. Historical data shows that the fund cost ratio is the best predictor of long-term returns. The higher the expenses, the lower the return, and vice versa.

If you have less than 10 years until retirement, then it makes sense to consider conservative funds. Even though such funds are expected to return less, the value of their shares also fluctuates less.

Which Tuleva pension fund suits me?

If you are younger than 55, then Tuleva World Stocks Pension Fund suits you.

If you are over 55, then Tuleva World Bonds Pension Fund might suit you better.

Read more

If my pension fund units have fallen in price recently, should I change the fund?

No. This is not a good idea. This question has been analysed quite thoroughly in the world and the conclusion is: those people who try to time the market tend to buy when markets are at their peak and sell when at the bottom.

Many investors attempt to predict market movements but most often they do not succeed, even professional investors. This is one reason why Estonian pension funds have significantly underperformed world market average returns.

Remember that a market decline is not necessarily bad news for you. Most of us will be buyers of pension fund units for many years to come. A fixed amount of your salary goes to the pension fund every month and when the market is down, you will get more units for the same amount of money. So when the markets start to rise again, you will have more units that grow in value. This is called dollar-cost averaging. This works for you only in case you do not jump in and out of the funds, attempting to “step on the gas” or “decelerator” all the time.

When should I change my pension fund?

Learn the basic facts of long-term saving and decide, what is you strategy. You should change your pension fund when it turns out that your pension fund’s strategy is not aligned with your own saving principles. We (and most expects, like investment guru Warren Buffett) recommend that you follow two main rules:

  1. If you have more than 10 years to retirement, invest in the asset class with maximum expected return. For our pension savers that asset class is shares in companies. So you should keep your money in a pension fund with a maximum weight in shares i.e. aggressive strategy funds. If your fund is not keeping as much of your money as possible in shares, change the fund.
  2. Keep your money in a fund with the lowest possible expenses because the lower the expenses, the better the chances that you will have more money for retirement. Change your pension fund if it isn’t among the lowest cost ones in your chosen investment strategy category.

How can I protect my pension money against an economic crisis or a stock market collapse?

The best way to protect yourself is to do nothing and stick to your strategy of low cost funds through both market boom and bust.

Jack Bogle, the founder of the world’s largest fund manager Vanguard, recommends: “Put your money in a low cost index fund and don’t peek!” One of the world’s most successful investors Warren Buffett recommends: “Keep buying it through thick and thin, and especially through thin. The temptation when you see bad headlines in newspapers is to say, well, maybe I should skip a year or something. Just keep buying.”


Markets are cyclical – there is always a fall after a rise and vice versa. At least that’s how it has been in the past. When you save for your pension, you are a long-term investor. The past is no guarantee for the future, but at least history has shown that a long-term investor does not need to worry about market cycles.

Look at it this way: markets will fall. This is certain. Also, it is certain that nobody knows when it will happen. If you doubt this, try to find a fund manager or analyst who has precisely forecast all recent market crashes – in January 2000, autumn 2007 and summer 2011 and who recommended to buy shares in the intermediate period. There are no such people – some were too optimistic and lost money and others missed out on market gains because they were too pessimistic. All Estonian pension funds have underperformed the market average because fund managers have sometimes been too bold and sometimes too scared.

If you manage to avoid the temptation of making decisions based on short-term market fluctuations and keep smooth-talking salesmen and scaremongering bank tellers at bay, you will get the world market average returns for your investments. Over the long term, these returns have been higher than what most professional fund managers have achieved with their active buying and selling.

Is is sensible to divide my II pillar money between different funds managed by different fund managers so that my risks are better diversified and I could compare the results?

All Estonian pension funds’ risks are well diversified, that is required by law. A pension saver does not have to manage their risks by spreading money among many funds. In addition, a pension saver does not bear any business risk of the fund manager. That is why spreading your money among many funds does not reduce your risk.

The only way to reduce your risk is to put some part of the money into a conservative strategy fund e.g Tuleva World Bonds Pension Fund or Swedbank K1.

This could be a sensible choice if you have only a few years until retirement. It could also make sense if you are very sensitive to risks and short-term fluctuations make you really suffer. But you need to understand that there are no risk free returns – if you avoid risk, then you get no or very little return.

You can compare funds’ results on the Pensionikeskus website – you don’t have to invest into many funds to do that.

What is the difference between being a client of Tuleva pension funds and being a member of Tuleva?

If you choose Tuleva’s pension funds you will become Tuleva’s client. If you also become a member of Tuleva, you will become a co-owner of Tuleva. Tuleva is a commercial association, which is owned by Tuleva members. We started Tuleva Fondid AS, which manages Tuleva pension funds. All Estonian people can become clients of Tuleva pension funds, you do not have to be a member to do so.

To become a client of Tuleva’s pension funds, you do not have to pay anything – you will instead instantly start to save money due to low management fees. It only takes 5 minutes to switch funds in your internet bank.

To become a member of Tuleva, you have to pay a one time membership fee (100 euros). Every member has paid a membership fee – this is every owner’s contribution to help develop our jointly owned association. The membership fee is one time only – there are no additional fees later on.

Why do you want pension fund clients to also become Tuleva members?

The overarching idea of Tuleva is to bring people together to save money for their future, leaving out as many middlemen and unnecessary fees as possible. The more members there are, the cheaper it will be for us all to invest together using modern technological tools.

1. By becoming a member you help fill our goals

Firstly, we plan to create voluntary savings products and other investment instruments to save money for the future.

Secondly, we will keep on fighting to make the Estonian pension system better for the people of Estonia, not just the banks or insurance companies. We will work together with the Ministry of Finance and citizen initiative project “Uue Eakuse Rahvakogu” helping to create better laws.

2. Members earn a profit

Every year we calculate a membership bonus for all members who have transferred their second pillar funds to Tuleva pension funds. The bonus will be transferred to every member’s personal capital account at Tuleva. This will increase their share in Tuleva’s capital and this share will earn an additional return. If Tuleva gets bigger, and the funds start to manage more money and we create more investment products, the association will earn a profit, which will be divided up between members based on predetermined rules. As always, the size of the profit depends on how well we do as a business. The founders of Tuleva are more than convinced that the one time fee of 100 euros to join will be more than compensated in future returns, but we are of course not making any promises.

When I choose today Tuleva pension fund, can I later also join the association?

Yes. If you haven’t decided today if you want to become a member of Tuleva, then you can just transfer your pension to Tuleva pension fund. This doesn’t cost anything and takes less than 5 minutes in your internet bank. If you wish, you can become a member later. If not, there is no obligation. (The joining fee will increase in the future but we will let our pension fund clients know well in advance).

If I become a member of Tuleva, will my II pillar be automatically transferred to Tuleva pension fund?

No. If you haven’t changes your pension fund in your internet bank, you can do so immediately after joining Tuleva through our web app using your ID card or Mobile ID. Once you have made up your mind, it takes only 5 minutes of your time.

Answers to your questions regarding Tuleva association can be found here.

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