* This article is for those people with a deeper appreciation for securities market theory. If you would simply like to decide which pension fund is suitable for you, you can jump directly to the end. Suitable background music for reading is available here. Today’s Luddites are not textile workers, but rather white-collar investment bankers,…
A little more than a year ago, on the 12 April 2016, 22 people each contributed EUR 150 and, in the presence of a notary, signed memorandums of association for Tuleva Tulundusühistu. One month ago, we started up Estonia’s most affordable second pillar pension funds. The time has come to write down the most important…
Part II: What is a risk and why market fluctuations are not the pension savers’ enemy? In Part I of the Chapter, we discussed real-life scenarios which show that, in one way or another, investment is risky, as is life. Even the most brilliant analyst can only hope that his predictions will come true. This…
Part I: Practice I will answer the question raised in the title in Part II of this Chapter. In Part II, we will also discuss theory. But let me first sketch out three pension-related scenes from real life. The first story is bit ahead of its time, but as topical as the second and third….
Does LHV’s pension fund really beat the index? Lies, damn lies and statistics, they say. Did you know that the first known written source of the saying actually concerned pensions? June 1891, UK daily The National Observer: July 2016, Estonia, LHV financial portal: LHV’s Joel Kukemelk informed customersthat LHV’s pension fund L has succeeded in…
As you sow, so shall you reap, they say. As you measure, so shall you reap, say the business managers. The fact that the performance pay of fund managers depends on the measure applied, the value of which remains questionable to investors, is a problem evident around the world. Chapter one emphasised that it is…
From the series “What is the role of a fund manager? Who needs a fund manager? Index funds and the ABC of long-term investing“ Ever heard of Efficient market hypothesis? Don’t worry, it is nothing unfathomable. The price of securities is affected by a number of different factors, e.g. corporate results, economic growth expectations, etc….
Membership fees are used to develop the Association and to represent the interests of members. The fees of our first members were used to raise the fund’s initial capital, introduce Tuleva to the general public, and make preparations to start the fund, including application for an activity license from the Financial Inspectorate. From this point forward, membership fees will be used for the following activities:
Every euro saved gives a Swede almost a third higher pension than the same amount saved by Estonians. Estonia needs a smarter and measurable pension strategy.
As the first and only association representing pension savers, Tuleva is a credible partner for Ministry of Finance and state legislative bodies. We participate in pension strategy discussions, where next to the officials only banks and insurance companies used to be represented.
We help to make better laws. The laws that protect the people. The laws that maximize our profits from our, not banks’ savings.
We have our first achievements. For example
We do not organise demonstrations or spread random complaints. We are direct, we analyse issues and offer constructive solutions.
Tuleva’s main principle is that people themselves save money for their future, using contemporary technologies and bypassing unnecessary middlemen and costs as much as possible.
Every year, each member who has transferred their second or third pillar to Tuleva pension funds, earns a member bonus. Member bonus is very small at first, but it will grow together with member’s pension assets. Bonus is transferred to your personal capital account at Tuleva. This is your ownership stake in Tuleva capital and this stake can earn you additional profit.
When Tuleva grows, our funds under management grow and we add new products to our offering, then the association will earn profit. The profit is then divided among members, as set in our Articles of Association.
As always with profit from entrepreneurship – this depends how well our venture is doing. The founders are convinced, that the 125-euro joining fee pays for itself many times over. But we do not give promises.
At the end of each year
Every member has a vote on annual general meeting and has a right to elect and be elected to Tuleva’s board of directors and other supervisory bodies. This is the official part and it is very important.
Every day we share our ideas and experience among Tuleva members in our Facebook group, e-mail, phone and working groups. Among our community, there are people who care about the society and have very different skills. Many are ready to take responsibility for ensuring us a better future.
Tuleva team listens very carefully to our members and uses their ideas for making Tuleva better. We are only starting and believe that the power of thousands of smart people can be used for increasing our common good.
Tax benefit is simple: the government pays you back the income tax on your third pillar contributions. Tax benefit applies to contributions that do not exceed 15% of your gross income or 6000 euros, whichever is smaller.
Your maximum contribution amount to third pillar is thus 15% x gross annual income. If your annual income is over 3333 euros per month (gross), then you can contribute to third pillar 6000 euros.
Tax benefit equals 20% x your third pillar contributions.
NB! Your tax benefit cannot be bigger than the income tax you have paid during the year. Thus: if your gross income is less than 614 euros a month, then your maximum contribution is less than 15% of your income. More precisely – your maximum contribution per month is then: gross monthly income x 0.964 – 500.
With less than 519 euro monthly income you are not paying income tax most likely and hence you do not have any tax benefit in contributing to third pillar.
If you know that income is still coming to your account this year, add it yourself.
Please note that all income that reaches your account this year will be included in the calculation for this year (if the December salary is received in January, it will be included in the next year’s income calculation).
You can also add income that you plan to declare in the income tax return this year: rental income, interest paid by crowdfunding portals, income from the transfer of securities or other property.
Don’t worry if you don’t know the exact amount of your annual gross income today. Calculate the approximate amount and then find the optimal third pillar money placement with the calculator. If the actual annual income turns out to be higher than expected, your contribution will simply be slightly below the income tax allowance limit. Nothing terrible will happen even if you put a little more than the tax credit limit in the third pillar. The law does not prohibit it – if you exceed the limit, you simply cannot get the income tax back.